National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2017-18:-The National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey-NARSS has been confirmed by the World Bank-assisted Swachh Bharat Mission Project, which is a 93.4% use of toilets in rural areas in 2017-18 by an independent survey agency. This means that 93.4% of those households who have toilets are also used in the houses.
There are following main points which are shown below:-
This survey was conducted between mid-November 2017 and mid-March 2018 and under this, 92,040 houses of 6136 villages were surveyed on hygiene issues. Under the survey, schools of villages, Anganwadi, and community toilets were also surveyed.
The entire work of the survey was edited through a platform called Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing-CAPI.
The results of this survey were presented to the Expert Working Group (EWG) created by the independent survey agency to manage the National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey.
The EWG is a member of the Planning Commission and the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation, including the World Bank, UNICEF, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, India Sanitation Coalition, Sulabh International, Knowledge Links.
Major results of National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey
Toilets were found in 77% of the surveyed households.
Toilets are used in 93.4% of toilets.
In the surveyed open, 95.6% of the declared and declared villages are declared to be free from defecation.
70% of the surveyed villages have found the minimum amount of solid and liquid waste.
Swachh Bharat Mission (Swachh Bharat Mission)
On October 2, 2014, ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ was started on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti.
The objective of SBM is to create an open defecation nation (ODF) and clean India by October 2, 2019.
It is a fundamental task to make a primary focus on behavior change for the achievement of the ODF results. Swachh Bharat Mission (which is part of the Central Government’s largest cleanliness program) has been divided into urban and rural missions.
There are 6 major components of Clean India Mission-
- Personalized domestic toilets
- Community toilets
- Public toilets
- Municipal solid waste management
- Information and Educated Communication (IEC) and Public Awareness
- Capacity building
Swachh Bharat Mission has so far achieved success in transferring the behavior of crores of people.
Since the beginning of Swachh Bharat Mission, crores of people have built their own toilets and are regularly using them.
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