BS-6 Fuel(Euro-6)-New Fuel Of The Country:-
To tackle the problem of smog and pollution in the past one or two years, the sale of clean fuel, ie Bharat Stage-6 (BS-6) diesel and petrol, has begun to be started in the country’s capital, Delhi from 01 April 2018.Thus, it is the only city in the country where BS-6 diesel and petrol are being sold on all petrol pumps. It is notable that in order to curb the increased air pollution to the alarming level, the Government of India, in taking a significant step in 2016, decided to implement BS-6 emission standards across the country till April 2020 instead of BS-5. However, according to this new standard, it will take time to start production of new vehicles.
What is the Indian emission standard?
BS standards are based on European regulations. These standards are different in different countries, such as those in Tier-1, Tier-2, in the US, they are used as Euro Standards in Europe.
The first emission rules in India were started in 1991 and then these rules were applicable only to vehicles running petrol engines.
In the year 2000, the Central Government started BS, ie Bharat Stage Vehicle Emissions Standards. Subsequently, BS-2 and BS-3 standards were introduced to control air pollution around 2005 and 2006. But compliance with BS-3 standards could be started in 2010.
National Air Quality Monitoring Program
An important part of air quality management is air quality monitoring. The National Air Quality Monitoring Program has started with the objective of knowing the current status and trends of air quality and regulating pollution from industries and other sources so that the standards of air quality can be obtained. It also provides the necessary air quality data for estimating socio-economic and environmental impacts of industries and urban planning.
Bharat Stage Emission Standards are standard for regulating internal combustion and air pollution emitted from the engine and spark ignition engine equipment.
The objective of these standards is to control the air pollution caused by vehicles and to prevent poisoning the environment.
Increasing numbers of vehicles, ahead of the BS standard of numbers – 2, 3 or 4 and now 6 means the better standards of emissions which are environmentally friendly. That is, the bigger the number in front of BS, the less polluting the vehicle is.
Experts say that the hazardous substances that spread pollution in BS-6 diesel compared to BS-4 are less than 70% to 75%.
With the introduction of the BS-6 standard, there will be a significant reduction in pollution, especially due to the depletion of diesel vehicles.
In case of nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and particulate matter, the BS-6 level diesel will be much better.
The maximum level of PM2.5 in the air should be 60 mg-cm. In BS-6, this quantity is 20 to 40 mg-cm, while BS-4 is up to 120 mg-cm.
After the introduction of BS-6 from April 1 in Delhi, the government is working on the plan to start it in 13 big cities of the country from April 1, 2019.
It will be implemented in the entire country from 2020 i.e. after April 1, 2020, the vehicles which come on the road will have to meet the BS-6 standards.
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